As a child, Aileen Wuornos was subjected to repeated sexual, physical, and mental abuse. This was at the hands of her grandfather who raised her as his own, after her birth mother rejected her.
As an adult, Aileen Wuornos became a sex worker, and she made a living from it, moving to Florida when she was in her 30s. The effect of this lifestyle may have begun to to take its toll on her.
Between 1989 and 1990 she shot dead seven men who had picked her up as a hitchhiker. She would then end up drinking alcohol with them. After killing them, she would take their vehicle and steal cash and other valuables.
There is a theory that she killed these particular men because they either expected sex in return for the lift, or they attempted to rape her. She shot them because they were taking liberties, just like her grandfather had during her childhood.
She was executed for her crimes by lethal injection on October 9, 2002.
Here is what Patrick Tobin wrote about the Aileen Wuornos story.
I've always enjoyed playing about with words, like writing lyrics or short stories at school. The first one I really finished was titled The Ballad of Aileen Wuornos.
I learnt about Aileen Wuornos in 2002 after watching a documentary about her impending execution. I stayed up for nights just thinking about the circumstances of her life. I saw in her a story of an injustice which exploded down the barrel of a gun. She shot seven men dead whilst working as a prostitute on the highways of America.
I connected with her. The way she was mistreated as a child, how she found herself on the outside of society at such a young age. I can't condone what she did, but I can understand why she did it.
What worries me is she only came to prominence through her crimes. Before she murdered those men she was just another hooker on the highway looking for a trick to buy her next fix. A cliché, but true. Her mental health issues were never really recognized until it was too late and she was out of control. She wasn't born to kill these men. It was the circumstances of her childhood which developed her rage. Her childhood consumed her as a young woman into adulthood, and would lead her to murder.
The injustice lies in the way she was treated by a system that should have recognised her vulnerability as an abused child, rather than exploiting her notoriety as a convicted murderer. America's first so called female serial killer. The consequences of Aileen Wuornos’ life may be the death of those men and her execution, but what happened prior to her killing spree went a long way to outline the reasons for her actions.
The ballad I wrote was directed by the need to express the injustice I saw in her life. The criminal case against her became a media circus. It was also a way for me to express myself through her story.
Read more of Patrick Tobin’s thoughts in his memoirs about a life with schizophrenia.
Homesake is available on Amazon Kindle via this link
His mother died on 8th May 1898 when he only two years old.
His father Peter Dawson couldn’t look after him and he was sent to a relative in Manchester.
His father was Peter Dawson. Peter’s parents were John Dawson (a silk mill manager) and Sarah Morrell, who came from a family of market gardeners in Cheshire. The Morrells had links to the Trafford family.
Ernest and his siblings were sent to Pendleton in Salford, to their Auntie Sarah and Uncle George. They did not have a happy childhood, despite the fact that Uncle George was an interesting character. He used to be in the Music Halls as a contortionist. He was tattooed all over and as bald as a coot. He used to do a contortionist act dressed as Mephistopheles.
Ernest was so unhappy in his childhood, that he got away from Manchester at the first opportunity. His father (in the mean-time) had found work in Nottingham on the big railway project that was under way. He was living in the Meadows area of Nottingham, where Ernest joined him. This would have been just before the outbreak of WWI.
Here are what exists of his army service, taken from photographs, documents and diaries.
The war gave Ernest the opportunity to get away from the circumstances he found himself.
He enlisted in the army, something which he had no regrets in doing.
He joined the Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery in 1915.
He was 19 years old.
Ernest’s army service is preserved in various photographs, documents and diaries.
Here is his Soldiers Diary of 1918. These contained all kinds of vital information for the soldier. Things such as the kind of information required when making reports, and the types of weapons in use by the ‘fighting powers’. For instance, the Lee Enfield .303 (used by the British) had a longer range than the others. It also helped the soldier understand the words and terms he would hear people say. Terms like ‘Chucking a Dummy’ meaning fainting on parade, or ‘on the tack’, to describe someone who was teetotal.
After his initial training, Ernest landed in Egypt in 1915, where he spent a period in a place called Sollum
In addition to riding a camel, Ernest had also learnt to ride horses.
He was clearly enjoying his military adventure and was proud of his achievements.
The photograph below has the following written on it: Ernest on lead horse of the best team in Egypt!
It is not clear what military engagements he was involved with in Egypt from 1915 to 1918.
The Royal Field Artillery (Territorial Force) was a field artillery brigade formed from three Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery batteries in January 1916. It was assigned to the 52nd (Lowland) Division to replace I Lowland Brigade, RFA (T.F.) and joined the division in Egypt. The brigade was reformed as horse artillery in July 1917, seeing active service in in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in 1917 and 1918. It remained in Palestine on occupation duties after the end of the war and was finally disbanded in November 1919.
However his diary of 1918 indicates they had moved into Palestine.
Here are some of his photographs that remind us of the reality of Ernest’s war.
“Two hours after this photo we were shelled by the enemy.”
“Carrying a wounded Sergeant out of action.”
“After the battle. A dead German”
The realities of war meant that the likelihood of injury or death was high.
Soldiers Diary of 7th June 1918
14th July 1918
17th July 1918
Ernest’s injuries, from shellfire, were to his left arm and thigh.
It would appear that, after recovering from his wounds, he remained in Palestine and Egypt. Despite his discharge certificate being issued at Woolwich on 26th Jan 1919, he re-enlisted at Kantara in Egypt, the following day.
The Character Certificate issued Gunner Ernest Dawson stated that he had served 2 years and 255 Days, and described him as
Very good. Honest, sober and hard working.
Ernest had enjoyed the army, and with the uncertainty of what life would be like back in England, he chose re-enlist, whilst at Kantara, Egypt on 27th January 1919.
Kantara was the site of Headquarters of the Eastern Force during the defence of the Suez Canal Campaign and the Sinai Campaign of 1916. It was a massive distribution warehouse and hospital centre that supported and supplied all British, Australian and New Zealand operations in the Sinai from 1916 until final demobilization in 1919.
Ernest was then allowed home on leave and returned to Nottingham.
His father encouraged him to marry a young woman named Eva Miles. Eva had moved to Nottingham for work and was friends with a family that his father knew well. Eva had been helping to care for injured soldiers in Nottingham. He agreed to marry her.
Ernest married Eva on 15th November 1919 at the Mayfield Grove Chapel in Nottingham.
He was then posted to India at a place called Cannanore.
His wife was now with him.
He would soon be serving in the Mesopotamia Campaign, where he was promoted to Bombardier Sgt with the 505 Battery of the Royal Field Artillery.
The British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city of Poona where the Southern Command of the Indian Army was established in 1895..
Ernest did not keep a diary at this point, or if he did, it is lost. There are photographs, though of his time in ‘Mespot’.
His new wife Eva did keep a diary for a few weeks in 1921. It helps to explain her circumstances in India, where she was an army wife.
1st Jan 1921 – Letter from Ernest from Deolali
Deolali Transit Camp was a transit camp for British troops in Deolali India. Notorious for its unpleasant environment, boredom, and the psychological problems of soldiers that passed through it. Its name is the origin of the phrase ‘gone doolally’ or doolally tap’, a phrase meaning to lose one’s mind.
3rd Jan – Ernest embarked at Bombay for Mespot.
4th Jan – Fancy Dress Dance. Enjoyable evening. Some fun over the dress beforehand.
12th Jan – Details arrived in Basra in Mespot.
19th Jan – Walk on beach with Mrs Littlewood Mrs Bennet and Scottie.
20th Jan – Went on the beach with the Cannanite Rangers. Swim in morning.
21st Jan – Whist Drive and Dance at night. Swim in Morning.
23rd Jan – Frightened with rat under the mosquito net. Fed up with Cannanore.
Cannanore is a city now known as Kannur in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is over 1000km south of Bombay (Mumbai). During British rule in India, it was a part of the Malabar District (Madras Presidency).
The military base in Cannanore was at St Angelos Fort. On 15 February 1663, the Dutch captured the fort from the Portuguese. They modernised the fort and built the bastions Hollandia, Zeelandia and Frieslandia that are the major features of the present structure. The original Portuguese fort was pulled down later. A painting of this fort and the fishing ferry behind it can be seen in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Dutch sold the fort to King Ali Raja of Arakkal in 1772. In 1790 the British seized it and used it as their chief military station in Malabar until 1947.
Eva’s diary continues to give us a brief insight into her life as an army wife in India. They have been in India for a year and she is clearly looking forward to returning home to ‘Blighty.’
27th Jan – Visited Mrs Cheetham in Hospital. 3 new born babies in 17th Brigade.
28th Jan – (a year since Ernest left home) Scottie left the camp. Whist Drive and Dance. Some of women going home but not me.
29th Jan – No news of home. All excited waiting for news. Walk in Bazar
31st Jan – Went to Dursee for new dress and skirt. In recreation room at night.
1st Feb – Whist drive and dance. Presentation to Mrs Christie on leaving the camp.
2nd Feb – Ethels 21st Birthday. Sorry I have not been able to be with her.
4th Feb – No pay today and no news from Poona. Whist Drive and Dance.
6th Feb – Walk in big Bazar. Saw terrible sights among natives. Smallpox etc.
7th Feb – First letter from Ernest in Mespot also name in for Blighty. 3 women in Battery for home.
9th Feb – Signed Documents for home. More names in for 17th Bde. Bobyjee sorry I am going home.
14th Feb – In Recreation room singing and telling fortunes. Flannel issued for home.
15th Feb – Farewell whist drive and dance. Presentation to Mrs Willis and Mrs Madden.
17th Feb – Sports for Kiddies. Confined to camp trouble with the natives.
18th Feb – Steel Cabin Trunks issued. Letter from Mespot. Whist Drive and dance. News of Ernest’s promotion.
20th Feb – Played whist in Rec. Finished packing for home. No mail.
21st Feb – Months pay for Blighty. Leaving Camp 10pm tonight. Farewell dinner.
22nd Feb – In train bound for Bombay.
25th Feb – Reached Bombay 8 o’clock am. Embarked Zeppelin for home
26th Feb – Ship cannot sail. Wire round propeller.
28th Feb – Saw Duke of Connaught leave Bombay on Malaya – Sailed for home.
The Duke of Connaught, was the seventh child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. He was educated by private tutors before entering the Royal Military Academy, where he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the British Army. He served for some 40 years, seeing service in various parts of the British Empire. In 1921, he travelled to India, where he officially opened the new Central Legislative Assembly, Council of State, and Chamber of Princes. Though he retired from public life in 1928, he continued to make his presence known in the army well into the Second World War, before his death in 1942. He was Queen Victoria’s last surviving son.
Eva returns home to England, but has to wait some time for her husband to join her.
Ernest, meanwhile is still on active service in Mesopotamia.
Despite the war being over, the area now needed managing, and administration putting in place. This area would go on to becoming the Iran.
With British Indian forces already on the ground, the British imported civil servants from India who had previous knowledge and experience on how the government of a colony is supposed to run. The expulsion of Ottomans from the region shook the centuries-old power balance. Arabs who believed that the expulsion of the Ottomans would lead to greater independence and fought against the Ottoman forces along the Allies faced another dilemma. They were disappointed with the arguments regarding the establishment of British Mandate of Mesopotamia.
When Ernest finally returned from Mesopotamia, he brought with him an album on images.
Finally, on June 13th 1922, Bombardier Sergeant Ernest Dawson of the 505 Battery Royal Field Artillery was discharged.
His military career was completed.
In his Character Certificate, issued at Fort Wallington in Fareham Hampshire, he was described as
Is sober. Has been instructor of signalling in the unit. Knows his work well. Is very keen and has worked hard. Can ride and look after horses.
Along with his memories and scars from his time in the army, he also returned with these photographs of two other soldiers. It is presumed that they were close friends who served with him. It is not known what happened to them, or whether Ernest kept in touch with them.
After his final discharge from the army, Ernest and Eva settled in Nottingham and raised three children, son’s Kenneth and Dennis, and daughter Betty. All went on to have families of their own.
Ernest found work as a manager at a number of public baths in the city.
Eva died on 31st Oct 1957 at Nottingham’s General Hospital, she was 60 years old.
Ernest died on 21st June 1986 at Nottingham City Hospital. He was 90 years old.
Since the launch of his debut novel in 2017, we though it was time to find out what Jacques Morrell has been up to since.
Having described himself as a ‘Jacques of all trades and master of none’, who knows what he might have got himself into?
A quick check of his social media accounts, he seems to have added a podcast to his repertoire, although this seems to have started in February this year (2020).
We asked Jacques to reflect on his status as ‘a published author’ and where his writing has taken him since The Showman was published.
Apart from the countless requests from the media for interviews, and the daily fan mail through the door, it’s been fairly steady.
Joking aside, what it has done is to allow me to meet other writers on an equal footing. Writing is about learning to create pieces of work. It is about finding a style of writing that suits you.
The Showman came naturally and organically. It was always going to be a suspense thriller with an atmosphere of the paranormal. I think most people expected it to be a crime thriller. Some people have in fact encouraged me to write for that genre. These people are academics and professional in the business. They see the advantage that I have with my policing experience.
So have you taken that on board?
Not yet. I have also attended a few workshops for writers and literary people. I learnt a few things from them. In particular, I learnt to play around with ideas and words. I was encouraged to try writing in different styles, poetry, short stories, vignettes, comedy, script-writing etc. This taught me to be open minded about my writing. It helps to focus on how I write. To make the best use of it and to make it more meaningful.
I went to a talk by Henry Normal about comedy script writing. Henry is a comedian who went on to write and produce some of the finest English comedy shows of the last 30 years. He gave us advice on script ideas for sit-coms. He advised on what the production companies will look for, such as the ideal number of characters, the setting, the target audience, even the cost of producing it. I had already been playing around with an idea for a comedy, centred around a group of retired police officers.
I went away and worked on it. I got talking to someone in the pub who was also writing a comedy script. We shared ideas. It is almost ready as a script, but there is one character who hasn’t quite found her identity yet. There is something missing and I am not ready to release it yet. It could equally be a short story too.
So apart from those ‘media interviews’, have you been telling your story to people?
Yes, I suppose so. I have spoken to reading groups and book groups about my career and my writing. I was also interviewed by Giorgia, one of the young ambassadors at the Nottingham City of Literature. The interview is online here
I have learnt that The Showman seems to be well received by the younger generation of reader. Initially I though it was the context of it being set in 1978, but I also think it may be down to the style it was written. This review probably explains it better.
The words this person has used makes me feel proud that they have understood the innocence of the characters in The Showman. That is exactly how I see them, a wholesome and naive family caught up in a very difficult situation.
What else have you been working on?
I have made a good start on my memoirs. The story of my police career, starting with ‘First Shift’..
I don’t want you to confuse my first shift with ‘First Shift’, which is the morning shift. When I first wore the uniform, this was from 6 am to 2 pm. It was the first shift of the policing day, followed by days, afternoons, evenings and nights. I suppose the night shift could have been called ‘Last Shift’, but working through the night was dangerous enough, without the added connotation of it being your last shift. My very first shift was an afternoon shift. 'Afters' is always a busy time for the police. I have no idea what day of the week it fell on. Days of the week are immaterial to police officers. The police rota covers seven days in a week, and apart from some quieter periods, it is the ‘same shit’ that goes off. Burglars don’t look at the calendar and say to their partners,‘Blimey it’s Friday already. We’re at the theatre tonight with Oliver and Abigail. I think I’ll screw a couple of houses this morning and knock off at lunch-time. Drug dealers don’t send a text to their customers saying, ‘Have a great weekend everyone and stay safe. Back Monday from 9 am’. People in crisis do not limit their psychotic episodes or cries for help to office hours.
So when will the memoirs be published?
I have paused it for the moment due to the podcast taking up quite a lot of time?
It’s going well. There are three of us involved, me and a couple of guys who used to work together at the BBC a few years ago. One is the producer and the other the presenter. They are both very bright and professional. I suppose I bring the authentic voice of a copper. We take a fresh look at cases.
I think we are all enjoying it for what it is, a serious bit of fun. Looking at old cases helps me keep my detective brain ticking over.
That sounds good fun. So what else is new?
There is a new apartment block where my first police station used to stand. I took a few photos before it was developed.
Oh, and I forgot to mention, those media interviews did happen
I don’t consider myself a poet. That said, I do enjoy the freedom and the lack of conformity that poetry allows people. It is another way to express ourselves.
Some of my writing ideas come from snippets of what I suppose is poetry. I find it a useful way of playing around with words, to make an impact.
My home city of Nottingham has built up a supportive community of poets. The annual Nottingham Poetry Festival runs for over week and brings in established and published poets.
There is also the DIY Poets, a collective that has been in existence for over ten years. The aim of DIY Poets is to give budding poets the opportunity to perform their work in public. They create an atmosphere where poets feel confident about performing their work in public. They also want the public to see that poetry can be exciting and relevant.
Nottingham’s poetry community is also privileged to be supported by the work of Miggy Angel and his regular Do Or Die poetry events. Do Or Die Poets are the attendees of his weekly creative writing workshop. Miggy’s own words explain it perfectly:
The Do Or Die Poets are writers in recovery, who have found a way to marshal the word to the cause of survival, and their courageous poetry will leave you broken open and etched anew. Like all good and true poetry should.
I attended one of these events and, whilst unprepared, I felt obliged to present something of my own. I hurriedly put some words together and had a go. Not really performance poetry, more reading aloud with emphasis.
These words were the ideas for the following piece. It is there to represent all of us in our teenage years, when we were finding out about life. It is expressed by referring to the music that was ‘unique’ to the teenagers form every generation.
I never danced to Chubby Checker, or for that matter Desmond Dekker.
Your time. No better. No worse
Teenage. Carefree. Uncertain.
Rose coloured by the passage of time.
Intangible Time. You’ll turn to stone if not already set in it.
One day those eighteen yellow roses will wilt and die.
Phoney Beatle Mania. Summer Holidays
Special without the Specials. Motown not Ghost Town.
Not my generation nor my optimism. Not my genre nor my insecurity.
Our time will come. Five years. Sweet sixteen to twenty-one.
Their time has gone. Roots, radicals and rockers.
Beatles and Stones. Revolution stuff. What a Drag.
My time was evolving. Not quite ready. Five years. Coming of age.
Same emotions. Different era. Musical Continuity.
Flowers and Herbs. Electric warriors. Glam and Sweet.
Yet We’re All Crazee Now. A lack of taste. Out of touch.
New attitude. New Reasons. Political.
White Riot. What a Waste. New Wave. Never Too Much.
Red Wedge. Blue Monday. New Clubs and Bars.
New Romance. Modern Romance. Sentimental.
London hadn’t burnt. The dark club has a brighter name.
The romance was in a different corner. Taking stock.
Aitken and Waterman. Are the kids alright?
Café Bleu. Cool. Continental.
Britpop and Techno. Innovate and Rave
Pop was never dead. Anyone Can Play Guitar.
If they want to. You get what you give.
Just need some teen spirit and a wannabe.
Happy Hardcore. Nirvana or Bitter Sweet Symphony
Drum and bass. Trip-Hop. New Radicals.
The Noughties. I’m stood watching. Not dancing.
A certain romance with no fake tales from San Francisco.
Bolshie. All killer no filler. More honesty.
Flipside. Electro Piracy.
Post- Punks and Electronica.
Streaming and downloads. Panic at the disco.
The Teen Years. The Jean Genie has left the bottle.
The Radical Rockers are fifty years on. Some are gone for good.
Rose coloured glasses are back.
Daltrey. Morrissey. Ringo Starr. Unable to define the E in EDM.
Molten mix of rap and samples. Drake. Kanye. Hip Hop goes country.
Teens dancing to a different tune. Taking us Back to Black.
Whether we danced to Chubby Checker, or for that matter Desmond Dekker.
We all had our time. For five years it was on our side.
Slave to the rhythm. Jump to the beat.
Let’s twist again. Dancing in the street.
Death of a disco dancer. Maybe in the next world
Those eighteen yellow roses will wilt and die.
On the 10th November 1942, the 1st Derbyshire Yeomanry Regiment sailed from the UK for North Africa.
My 19 year old father (Dennis Dawson) was one of them. He had enlisted at Catterick on 23rd April 1942. His Army Pay Book shows his Army Number as 7958147.
Apart from a couple of short periods of leave, he did not return to his home city of Nottingham until late in 1946. When he did return, his parents had moved from 15 Melbourne Road in Lady Bay to the Manning Baths on Hawthorne Street in the Meadows.
My father died in 2014 at the age of 91.
He was not one those war veterans who never spoke about the war, nor was he one to keep referring to those times. He would mention things when asked to. He was, thankfully someone who kept the documents, photographs and diaries that are gathered over the years.
His personal diaries for 1944 and 1946 have survived. I don’t know whether he kept one between 1942 and 1943, but if he did, they have gone for good.
He also kept postcards that he purchased from the places he visited.This was something my grandfather had also done during the Great War. He had also served in the Middle East and Mesopotamia up to 1922. I suppose, with cameras and photography not so readily available, it was a way of remembering the places visited.
This article is a combination of documents that my father kept, with some text taken from the 1st Derbyshire Yeomanry Scrapbook 1939-47.The scrapbook was published using personal accounts of the officers who served in this period.
This is my father’s account. He had the rank of Private.
Dennis did not keep a diary for the North Africa campaign. It was against the rules, as were photographs.
There are however a few photographs. This one is from 1942 at the Transit Camp – Algiers Racecourse.He’s the man in the middle
Dennis was a decent artist.
Here is the Christmas card that he sent to his mother.
His name is bottom right.
These cards were converted to microfiche and then printed again back in England. This was to save on weight in transporting them.
During the North Africa Campaign, he also sent postcards to his sister.
26 March 1943 – Dear Betty, please send me a snake charmers flute so that I can charm these giant pythons that are surrounding my tent. Cheerio Dennis
April 1943 – Dear Betty
For the past two days it has rained and we are flooded out so much that one night one of my pals fell out of bed and nearly got drowned.
We also have 330 yards to swim for our breakfast.
Both Algeria and Tunisia were French speaking countries. The postcard of the boy is translated as ‘Ali, the little beggar, counts his takings’.
The regiment went into action as a complete unit for the first time in December 1942, at Medjez-el-Bab. From then, they were continually in action until the end of the war. The strain of continuous battle in those first 5 months was rewarded though, when the opportunity to take Tunis came. The Derbyshire Yeomanry were there, leading from the front, along with the 11th Hussars.
The famous battle in May 1943 saw the complete destruction of German Forces in North Africa.
The regiment stayed in North Africa for the rest of 1943, assisting in other operations. As the war progressed, their services would be required elsewhere.
The Regiment Move To Italy
On March 14th 1944, 14 officers and 410 other ranks under command of Major E Baring, arrived in Naples in the south west of Italy. This was part of the war in the south of Europe. The regiment moved to Piedemonte d’Alife the following day. This was a small town about 30 miles south of Cassino. The whole regiment had gathered there by 27th March.
My father kept a diary at this point. In it, he refers to the enemy as either ‘he’ or ‘Gerries’.
The following are selected entries that he made in a small ‘Boots the Chemists’ diary for 1944.
When they sailed from the port of Bone in Algeria, it would appear that they did not know their destination.
11th March – Destroyed my tin shack.
12th March – Embarked from BONE for?
13th March – Rather bad swell – many sick.
This birthday card to his mother was sent in early 1944.
It must have been drawn whilst Dennis was in North Africa.
It is a drawing of the ‘tin shack’ that had been his home during his time in Algeria and Tunisia.
It is not known why this photograph was taken or who the US soldier is.
This was taken in Naples on 14th March 1944.
14th March – Capri on our left, Docked at Naples. 8 mile march.
15th March – Transit Camp. Poverty stricken natives.
16th March – Arrived at the regimental camp.
17th March – Viewed ALIFE! Much Damage.
18th March – Usual Advance. Party Fatigues – Decent Weather.
19th March – Attempted to climb the northern ridge.
20th March – Salvaging party.
The following period was part of a concentrated preparation for the Spring Offensive.
Exercises were held to ensure the co-operation of the infantry and tanks. Several visits to Cassino were undertaken. The sight of the monastery being attacked by our troops was a taste of what was in store for them.
2nd April – Hitch Hiked to Piedmonte once again for eatables.
3rd April – Vehicles arrive. Maintenance.
4th April – Bullshit comes with a crash.
5th April – Wireless again.
6th April – ‘Five Graves to Cairo’.
7th April – Pay Parade 800 Lire.
Three officers from the regiment were detailed for duties in the advanced area.
The Regiment was put on 12 hours’ notice to move up on May 10th.
When the allied forces had reached this area (in the previous autumn of 1943), it was clear that if progress was to made towards Rome, that Cassino and its monastery must be taken.
A number of attacks were launched against it, but the tenacity of the defenders and the natural strength of its position withstood these attempts. One of the attacks included heavy air support and both the town and the monastery were reduced to ruins.
It finally fell in May 1944 in the offensive that broke the Gustav line and ended in the capture of Rome.
The Liri Valley below Cassino was protected by the River Rapido, a perfect obstacle for the tanks. Some bridgeheads had been secured but the advance was very slow due to the strength of the German defence.
‘C’ Squadron were tasked with attacking a German strong-point. They were unaided by infantry.
Leading the attack with Sherman tanks, their commander Eager Brundell was killed instantly by a sniper. Despite this and several tanks being hit by bazookas, ‘C’ Squadron prevailed.
Cassino itself was reduced to a heap of ruins and craters. The area remained infested with mines and booby traps. The devastation to this historic site was a monument to the destruction which war can bring about.
My father’s diary continued:
14th May – Reached Rapido Gustav Line.
15th May – Moving Up?
16th May – Battle of the Orchard. Casualties including Squadron Leader. Air Raid.
17th May – Day out – Much washing of whites.
18th May – Bills Tank Bogged. Narrow Miss by 50mm A/T Gun. Tank gun damaged. Mortared before dark. Very little sleep.
19th May – My Honey in Infantry support – Loads of bullets and bangs – Two tanks knocked out – two prisoners one wounded – one sniper surrendered.
The following is an extract from the Derby Evening Telegraph, after the Battle of Monte Cassino:
By May 20th the Yeomanry had advanced along Highway 6 to a position south of Aquino. As part of the British spearhead during these operations, the regiment continued to press forward despite stiffening enemy resistance, and crossed the Melfa on May 25th.
23rd May – Move up across Melfa to Route 6.
24th May – Move into position for assault on ARC.
25th May – Enemy Retires during night – Reach crossroads at ARC 10.30am – Terrific shelling – Slight wound in leg – Tank Overturns.
Many bitter rear-guard actions were fought during this advance, but the Derbyshire Yeomanry could not be halted.
They continued over the slopes of Monte Orio, and helped in the capture of Col Dragone and El Cici on May 25th.
My father’s diary continued. It included a useful entry to remind him where he was on D-Day.
5th June – Rest near ACUTO – Night march – No sleep.
6th June – Swim in bomb crater – ! ALLIES INVADE EUROPE! “Bon” – 3 Miles off Rome.
The Yeomanry now made its way up Highway 4, north-east of Rome, beside the waters of the Tiber. They met severe enemy opposition on June 8th at Monte Rotondo.
10th June – Very unpleasant shelling
11th June – Tellers play havoc – 3 tracks destroyed
12th June – Close Shelling east of the Tiber- I reverse on to box mine fortunately
13th June – Take over 4 Bakers Honey – Lofty goes bomb happy!
14th June – Harboured near Narni
15th June – Pass through MELIA! – Ford the Tiber – Walk out to the village
16th June – Huge night drive – no sleep
17th June – Still moving up – Hillside O.P – (Rain) – Certainly seeing Italy!
18th June – Liberate CASTILIOGNE – Bags of Vin-o – BAMBINA
My father obtained this postcard as they reached Perugia. He noted on it:
Notice the Fontana Bevignate on the right protected from bombs.
Vincere or Victory is painted in white.
They were our enemy at the time!
In and around Perugia, the regimentwere under command of The Guards Brigade.During the following week, they were used to support the infantry as they made their way forward, northwards into the hills.
20th June – In again beyond Perugia – Stonking!
Stonking is the military terms for heavy artillery bombardment.
23rd June – First troop beyond MARCO – Dead civilian
24th June – Beyond MARCO – By Jove – Much stonking – Valley of Death – Sleep and stonking is the order of the day – up early
25th June – Valley of Death again – More Stonking
26th June – Day In – Unfruitful look for Signorina
6th July – Road recce near Castiglione Ferontina
7th July – Recce 3 miles from Arezzo
8th July – Out near the guns – Hills from Feriontina to Arezzo occupied by Gerry infantry
10th July – Bathed in Lago Trasimeno – Visited Cortona
11th July – Encore bathe – physical maintenance – Living on the land – Much admiring of the female form – unfortunately only from distance.
18th July – Arezzo taken – town under shellfire – U1 Leaflets
19th July – Near stonking – Contradictory reports on how we lost 4 dog crew missing.
20th July – Night harbour much too near stonking
22nd July – Moving farther forward – One unidentified member of 4 dog killed by mortar – no news of other 4
24th July – East of the Arno – winkled out some infantry – quite
25th July – Engine Trouble – Hoping to get out for rest
26th July – L.A.D
No further entries are made in this diary.
In October, the diary starts again, this time using a small notepad. This allows the entries to be more detailed.
Oct 22nd – Became rivals in the pack mule business. Two Gerries in O.P on Mt Della Serra made a hurried retreat leaving all equipment behind. We occupied the hill by 4.30 and commenced to dig trenches in the most silly places! Aching in every bone and nose running like water works.
Oct 23rd – Cold has now reached its climax and if I don’t die tonight during sleep I should be rid of it inside three days. My aged bones are still aching. Fortunately we are not walking today!
Oct 24th – As you can see I didn’t die last night – but I am still in a sorry state. Rations are better than usual – apparently we are getting priority as Infantry! Blanket roll arrived!
Oct 25th – Unfortunately our turn out today and although we had a long wet night in a silly little trench, my cold didn’t worry me. Spent all next day drying clothes and toasting feet in front of a huge fire. The occupants of this particular farmhouse were rather unlucky today because we numbered too many for the one fire. And after all we were wet not they. We spent quite an amusing day admiring the seductive forms of the Signoretti’s. “Too bad we aren’t Cativer simili Tedeschi.”
Oct 27th – Returned back to Bocini innocently thinking for a rest. Rather a cheesing off day, raining, and bridge being washed away caused us to carry the darned stuff relay fashion getting very wet in the process!
Oct 28th – Whipped away en-bloc through Portico to Rocca which was now under enemy shellfire. After dark we moved to positions in the right of the valley some 1 ½ miles outside the town. Digging in, in various positions commanding the road and our front. During the day we hid in the farmhouse because we were under observation by Gerry on the opposite heights. Poor food and no room for sleep are the only grouses.
Oct 29th – Nothing much to report during the day although we did have a brief clash at 2 o’clock the following morning. Shots were exchanged, neither side being injured, result no more sleep that night.
Oct 30th – Managed to scrape a little sleep on one of the civvies beds and did an all-night trench guard. Shots and shelling on hill opposite, enemy mortaring near his own position. Our signalman dies by shellfire!
Oct 31st – Good food and a little sleep in half way house. Learnt we were returning to Dicamano that night. Returned to Rocca with mules no shell fire.
Lt-Col Walker wrote in the Scrapbook:
As infantrymen in the hills beyond the San Benedetto Pass, the prospects of a winter in Florence sounded almost too good to be true. We were given the village of Settignano. A, B and C Squadrons were in different villas here up the hill and well above the mist line, which is such a feature of Florence during the winter months.
Nov 5th – New quarter at a well to do villa outside Florence, arrived here during the night. Weather cold but dry.
Nov 21st – Left the Castella for the line, having been told that we were on a stretcher bearing job. Billeting some ten miles from ‘Castella Del Rio’. Dry weather and fire in billet made our stay reasonably pleasant.
Nov 25th – Reluctantly dragged away to an A.D.S somewhere in the area of the rear guns. Learned that all these tales of bags of grub and hot sweet tea are a myth. Tomorrow we move!
Nov 26th – At dusk we move up on foot carrying small kit and one blanket. We arrived at our respective posts without any shelling although rain made the going pretty hard. The post incidentally was a strengthened cellar underneath the rubble of a destroyed house.
Nov 27th – Today we spent undercover although visibility was very poor managing a wash and improving the fire. Three tanks, our own can be seen disabled by shellfire not 20 yards away from the house. Also two six-pounder anti-tank guns behind the house and Gerry ammo on the ceiling above.
Nov 28th – Today the mist cleared and we were able to have a decent look at our unusual position. We could see 3 post 200 yards away, sheltering behind a large knoll – not 10 yards a heavy mortar section. Also we could see a Vickers heavy machine gun position 100 yards to our front. That afternoon he laid a stonk in the area of 182 posts causing us to wish we had never been born. One hit was scored on 1 post injuring two of the boys slightly and sending the rest home happy! Told we would be relieved the following night.
Nov 29th – Everyone was touchy today, the slightest whine of a shell broke up any conversation. Hopes are high for being relieved tonight – I have my doubts! Two walking casualties came in just before the relief arrived, their first go in the line, bad luck!
Once again we learn that stretcher bearing is the order of the day. The house we are in is not one hundred yards from a Bailey Bridge and during the night he centred his stonk on us. One direct hit on the roof injuring four and one just outside riddling the scout car and also killing a cow, or rather wounding it rather badly necessitating the Ities to finish it off by cutting its throat. It’s surprising how close a shell can land without it having your name on it!
The village Fontanelice is the last we hold before Toscagnano – still in enemy hands. And to reach the various posts we disembark and turn left in the village and continue down the lane until we reach the pontoon foot bridge crossing the river. Then the walk is a matter of climbing a range of hills travelling parallel with the enemy line. Not so strange as it may seem, the enemy shells the village whenever there is troop movement and usually at night having no observation caused us all to remark on the accuracy of his shell timing. Since then one woman was detained and was found to be a spy – they say she also gave 13 names of her accomplices. So now this village has been evacuated of civilians.
No further entries were recorded in the notebook
Lt-Col Walker continues:
It is difficult to express one’s thoughts before a campaign as, unfortunately we are not all made alike. There is a lot of truth in the old adage, ‘One’s an meat is another man’s poison. I know that when we left Florence after a very comfortable winter, I could not have viewed the prospects of another campaign with more misgivings, in spite of the chances that it would really be the last one.
The three weeks we spent at Pesaro brought us down to realities once again.
The intention of the 8th army was to destroy the enemy south of the RiverPo, not more than 50 miles away from our existing front-line. It did not appear it would be a long campaign. Therefore it was with a fairly light heart that we moved from Pesaro to Cesena, which was to be the Divisional Concentration Area.
Prior to the 2nd May 1945, C Squadron was ordered to push the enemy up into the hills north of Spilimbergo, which they did, capturing 1,200 prisoners.
The only other incident of note was meeting up with the world heavyweight boxing champion Primo Carnero.
He had returned to Italy after his retirement but had been imprisoned by Mussolini.
Now liberated, he came out to shake the hands of every Derby Yeomanry soldier who entered the village, including my father.
On 5th May 1945, Major General Murray issued a Special Order of The Day:
The attack by 26th Armoured Brigade and the Derbyshire Yeomanry between April 18th and 23rd, broke the German Line on a 20 mile front south of the Po, and paved the way to final victory.
Finally, the war in Europe was over.
Austria and Yugoslavia.
Towards the end of the war, ‘C’ Squadron had some encounters with the Yugoslavs.
Each case had the novel and somewhat insidious role of rescuing our ‘enemies’ from our ‘allies’. The first occasion was shortly after the fall of Udine, when Tito (the Yugoslav Communist) had wanted to annex parts of Italy including Venezia Guilia. This did not suit the British, as we wanted to use Trieste as a supply base when we reached Austria. The road between Trieste and Klagenfurt happened to pass through Venezia Guilia.
It was during this tense period that ‘C’ Squadron came across a column of Chetniks. The Chetniks had sided with the Germans and were now fleeing Tito. ‘C’ Squadron allowed them through to their safety, shortly followed by Tito’s soldiers. Tito’s men had to be slowed down, so they were ‘greeted’ and told that there was a problem. They were deliberately delayed due to the strange coincidence of two of our tanks blocking both bridges, due to mechanical problems!
Tito’s communists also has plans to annex a part of Austria named Carinthia.
This was another task for ‘C’ Squadron. To keep the peace in these regions.
‘The 1st Derbyshire Yeomanry went abroad in November 1942, was the first into Tunis and fought its way up Italy into Austria. I wrote this on the banks of a lake in Carinthia, where the water is so warm that, when you emerge you are tempted to jump back. Snow lies on the distant peaks.The national press have given the wring impression of life out here. There is much work to be done, vehicles have to be maintained and guards have to be mounted. There is a post to be manned high up in the mountains, guarding the Yugo-Slav border.’
‘C’ Squadron was high up the mountain side at Bad Vellach, near a road block at Seeberg Pass. This area was 5000 feet up the steep slopes, covered with pine and mountain fir. On either side were walls of brown rock, splashed with snow in the fissures. In front was Yugoslavia, a bare and rugged land. A stout barrier separated the British from the Yugoslav post. The rest of the frontier was marked by a jagged wall, which had to be patrolled at night, no easy task.
Extract from the Derbyshire Advertiser, August 31st 1945.
My father Dennis noted:
We were posted in Bad Vellach, to maintain guard on the frontier post and visit hill farms looking for German soldiers. We had a small unit of Cossack soldiers and horses at a stables with us. I would borrow my favourite, ‘Mousey’ and take him along mountain tracks.
In the New Year of 1946, ‘C’ Squadron was under the command of Major Ospalak who was stationed at the headquarters near Vicenzia in Northern Italy. This was at a place called Villa Tacchi.
On January 19th, the Squadron left for the Middle East again.
This involved a long road journey to the southern Italian port of Taranto.
On January 25th, the regiment set sail on a flat bottomed Canadian lake boat named The Princess Kathleen. The journey took 72 hours and they arrived at Port Said in Egypt on January 28th.
Lt-Col Wall wrote about the transfer to the Middle East:
“The cold was intense for a memorable journey to Taranto. No one can forget this monstrous journey, a question in the House of Commons ensured that those that followed were better cared for. On January 25th the regiment (in great spirits in spite of every conceivable form of discomfort), embarked on a small unimpressive flat-bottomed Canadian lake boat – The Princess Kathleen – for Port Said. The next 72 hours produced incidents as revolting as they were humourous.”
My father’s diary seemed to confirm this account.
Sat 19th – Completely packed to move but train driver lost his way and was said to be at ‘Milan’.
Sunday 20th – Moved by T.C.U to train. Started the great trek at 5.40pm doing steady 2 knots. Slept between seats.
Monday 21st – Meal at Bologna 2.00am. Woke for breakfast at 10.30 south of Rimini. Followed the sea. Poverty of the south.
Tuesday 22nd – Tea and biscuits only since previous evening. Beautiful countryside – but very barren. Taranto in the rain and transit camp.
Wednesday 23rd – Languishing in leaking tents – rotten food – stayed in the canteen for warmth – Local dance band very good.
Friday 25th – We march to and board The Princess Kathleen in the rain. Wind and violent rocking during night.
Saturday 26th – We march to and board The Princess Kathleen in the rain. Wind and violent rocking during night.
Sunday 27th – Seas calmed during the night. Grey sky dirty sea – swell. 15 knots.
Held my own at cards. Bought Turkish delight, sweets, fags and wallet from ships canteen.
My father’s diary continued:
Monday 28th – Port Said during breakfast. Disembarked late afternoon by landing craft. Trained after dark to camp Suez. Boiled eggs, bananas, nuts, tea! Camp and tents.
Tuesday 29th – Natives an evil crowd. Page out of boys’ adventure book. Camped in desert – endless flat sand and pebbles. Dotted with tents and ugly brick buildings.
Sunday 3rd February – Ismailia – Tremendous lake – numerous checks – shoe shiners – good food – bought pair of shoes.
Monday 4th – Thumbed our way to Cairo – leaned a harsh lesson at the hands of native vendors and dragon guides.
Tuesday 5th – Did the inevitable – Pyramids Sphinx – Amusing guide. Streets dangerous with multifarious cars.
Wednesday 6th – Egyptian museums much too interesting for short time at our disposal. 2 o’clock train.
Sunday 10th – Trained to Alexandria.
Monday 11th – Unloaded vehicles off ship at docks. Towed back. Repairing many mechanical faults. Good canteen.
Tuesday 12th – Main party away. Still repairing. Alex still tensions.
Wednesday 13th February – Motored back to camp through sandstorm in western desert. Arrived back after dark.
There were no further entries until:
Wednesday 17th April – Motored in the early morning to Kadr-ek-Nil Barracks Cairo. Potential protection in case of revolt etc. A.T.C so near and yet so far.
Thursday 18th April – Sun very warm! Discovered the Egyptian Museum next door. Spent afternoon in the city. Billiards.
Friday 19th April – Splendid view of bridge and Nile from our balcony. Saw a little more of the museum – Must imbibe the lot before we move.
Sat 20th April – Crossed the Nile to El Alamein Club. Many small yachts playing with the breeze. Checking up on Hoskale.
Sunday 21st April – Piquet! Swam during my time off in the camp swimming pool. Water poisonous, waves high.
My father made no more entries in his diary.
On June 1st 1946, ‘C’ Squadron were required to move to Tripoli within 48 hours. This was due to the political situation having worsened. They left at 04.00 hrs and completed the 1000 mile journey on time. This deployment continued until October 4th, when the Squadron returned to Barce. Their job in Libya was complete.
My father’s military service finished shortly afterwards.
He returned to the UK, was demobbed, found work, travelled a bit, married, and went on to raise two children.
I am now able to tell his war-time story.
One final note. He made a number of entries in the diary, where he referred to admiring the local ladies from a distance.
It would appear that did get close to an Italian woman. This was in Iseo near Bergamo. Her name was Maria Ferlinghetti. He wrote her name in his service book and she gave him a photograph to remember her by.
I would not have written this article had it not been for the effect of the Coronavirus Pandemic on our lives and livelihoods.
The idea to write this article started on the run up to the 75th anniversary of VE Day on the 8th May. I decided to look for war-time photographs of my father, who served with the Derbyshire Yeomanry from 1942 to 1946.
Following his death in 2014, I had put all of his old photographs and documents into a plastic storage crate. Originally, they had been in a fusty old leather briefcase, but this had been thrown away. Something which I regret, after watching the Repair Shop programme on TV, another consequence of the pandemic lockdown. The briefcase could have been repaired and restored to its former glory, just at the other items in the storage box.
Old family photographs are, by our standards today, very poor. Back then, we took less of them, and yet we still took them at odd times which were never explained. The quality of them varies immensely and they never seemed to be printed in a standard size. The most frustrating thing is when there is no clue as to what the photograph depicts.
My dilemma is the same for everyone else. What should we do with them all? Some probably ought to be disposed of, but that is a big decision to make. If our relatives chose to keep them for years and years, why should we decide to destroy them?
My father’s collection of photographs were all mixed up, but I did manage to find some of him in Italy in 1944 and 1945. One of them stood out, for its quality. It is of my father in Naples, together with what looks like a US soldier. They had arrived in Naples by boat from N Africa on Tuesday 14th March 1944. This was part of the Allies push to break the Gustav Line, as the Germans attempted to hold the area south of Rome.
In addition to the photographs were his Soldiers Service Book, some pocket diaries for 1944 and 1946. There was also a notepad that had a number of interesting diary entries which I related to military action in Tuscany Italy during October and November 1944.
Prior to sealing the storage crate up I flicked through the other items. Among these were lots of old postcards. Some had been posted and addressed to his mother and sister. Others were blank. It is these postcards that seem to tell a wider and more interesting story than the photographs on their own. My father’s story is one of having an urge to travel and explore foreign places. It is odd that the war helped him develop his interest, rather than discourage him..
My father, Dennis Dawson joined the Home Guard in 1940, at the age of 17. He enlisted properly in April 1942, at the age of 19. Whilst in the Home Guard, he appears to have spent some time hiking and camping in Wales. He continued to develop this interest, something which he returned to after the war. This was probably common among his generation. Their young lives were affected by war and it is only natural that they made up for their sacrifice, by making the most of the peace-time. He would spend several years in the 1950s travelling and building friendships. He married and settled down in the late 1950s at the age of 36.
Here is a selection of these postcards that tell his story.
It would appear that he hitchhiked around Wales in July of 1941, with his friend Stan Harne. He wrote postcards daily to his parents at 15 Melbourne Road, Trent Boulevard, West Bridgford, Nottingham.
Dennis enlisted at Catterick the following year at the age of 19. His date of enlistment is recorded on the Soldier’s Service Book as 23rd April 1942.
By March 1943 he is writing postcards from North Africa. His parents have now moved and are living at the Public Baths 242 St Anns Well Road, Nottingham (which his father is managing).
C Squadron arrived in Italy on 14th March 1944. They then worked their way north as part of the allied campaign in Italy. There were various engagements in 1944 before the allies settled around Tuscany where they prepared for the Spring Offensive of 1945.
With the fighting over, my father was then involved in the clearing up operations.
C Squadron moved into Austria and Yugoslavia. His service record shows he was back in Northern Italy in January 1946. This was at Villa Tachhi near Vincenza.
He then left Italy on 25th Jnauary 1946, travelling to the Middle East on the Princess Kathleen boat. THis time his deployment was in Eqypt and Somalia. He served until the end of 1946.
Remarkably, within 4 years he was travelling back to Italy, France and Spain, this time as a civilian and a tourist. Trips by motorcycle and a motor car were made each year between 1950 and 1956. His parents were now living at Manning Baths on Hawthorn Street, Meadows, Nottingham.
We came to this beautiful little fishing village on the Italian Riviera yesterday. We camped on the beach so that we could swim and laze all day.
I guess this collection of postcards helps to portray how rare it was then for this kind of tourism. The optimism of people like Dennis shows through, as they saw the back of two wars in Europe within twenty years of each other.
Here is my review of a 50 year old case in Norway.
The Isdalen Woman was found dead at a remote location outside the town of Bergen in 1970. Her body remains unidentified and as a consequence the case still attracts a lot of attention. Add to that some rumours about Cold-War espionage and Nazi-Hunters, then you have a story.
In 2018, BBC World Service created a fascinating podcast titled Death in Ice Valley. Produced in conjunction with NRK in Norway, the podcast consists of ten episodes (of about 30 minutes) that looks into the case and revisits some of the original witnesses. The purpose of Death in Ice Valley was to re-examine the case in the hope that the woman can now be identified, her family traced, and the mystery of her death solved.
I suggest you listen to the podcast in its entirety. After one episode you will be desperate to hear more. It is very atmospheric and in journalistic tradition, it adds to the conspiracy theories.
Having read the public response to Death in Ice Valley, I can conclude that we (as humans) have certain traits: We like to think there is something sinister in unexplained or unusual deaths. We don’t like to think that people can die alone without someone being concerned about their disappearance.
My thirty-year police career was pretty extensive. A couple
of years in uniform, then a major-crime detective, interspersed with a few
years in intelligence and immigration related matters. Thirty years of
responding to and dealing with people on the street and in their homes. As a
detective, the incidents and crimes are looked into in detail, in order to make
sense of the sequence of events. These incidents generally involve people under
stress and human behaviour displayed ranges from irrational to the down-right
These experiences qualify me to review the information made
available in Death in Ice Valley.
See what you think. I have summarised the ten episodes and
then given my interpretation of the case.
On 29 November 1970, in the remote Isdalen Valley near the Norwegian port of Bergen, a badly burnt woman’s body was found in strange circumstances. The police investigation lasted about three weeks and suicide was considered the most likely reason for her death. The woman had spent several days in Norway. She had stayed at a number of hotels and used a variety of false names. She claimed to be a Belgian national but was found to have links to Germany and France.
Here is my review of the information from listening to the
podcast and some research in the Facebook Group. I have not seen all material
available, but feel that the conspiracy theories are getting in the way of
basic investigative work. Had this death occurred today, I have no doubt that
the Isdalen Woman (IW) would have been identified, even using basic
I have typed in bold where I feel further enquiry or confirmation is required.
This episode sets the scene and describes how the IW was
found. It mentions the scene of her death and what was recovered from it. A
couple of things stood out:
All of her clothing (and other clothing belonging to her)
had the labels removed. What enquiries
were made to identify the manufacturer and retailers?
A metal photo ring (or rivet) was found, suggesting that it
came from a passport that was destroyed in the fire. Which nations used these? How many types or manufacturers were there?
A pair of rubber ‘Seiler’ boots were found next to the body.
These were traced to a recent purchase by the woman a couple of weeks earlier. Had she worn them only once (on the day of
her walk to her death)?
This episode details the recovery of two suitcases belonging
to IW. These had been deposited at Bergen railway station’s left-luggage
facility on 23rd November.
The suitcases contained more clothing (with labels removed)
and items (wig and clear glass spectacles) suggesting that she changed her
There was also a note-book that contained a handwritten
series of numbers and letters. These were interpreted as some kind of code (or
shorthand) and were subsequently interpreted as a summary of her dates and
visits to various cities in Europe.
There was money (including Deutschmarks). There were some
Norwegian coins were found in a purse marked ASKjobmandsbanken.
Have the manufacturer
and/or retailers of this note-book been identified?
What else was
recorded in the note-book?
Has it been assessed
whether the code/shorthand was written in one go?
It also confirms that the police issued a media appeal the
day after her body was discovered (29th Nov). What information (if any) came in as a result of this?
What media releases
were made at the time?
The episode also explains that the IW stayed at a hotel in
Stavanger for nine nights.
What enquiries were made at this hotel? What do they reveal about her lifestyle?
This episode explains that the IW left Stavanger on 18th
Nov, taking a taxi from the hotel to a hydrofoil boat, and then to Bergen. The
taxi driver recalled she spoke in English but not well. He recalls that she had
a gap in her front teeth.
The episode then explains how the police made enquiries at hotels to compare registration cards with the handwriting from the IW’s stay in Bergen. They identify seven other hotel registration cards in the same handwriting. All were in different names and had passport numbers and addresses that did not exist. In all of them, the person claimed to be a Belgian National.
Did anyone at these
hotels state they saw the passport?
What enquiries were made with the Belgian authorities?
This episode continues to explain the use of seven other
names by the person believed to be IW. These hotel visits also featured in the
code/shorthand from the notebook found in the suitcase. IW had also visited
Norway (including Bergen) earlier that year (Mar-April). A hotel in Paris was
also identified. On each occasion, IW claimed to have been born in the 1940s
(1942-1945). The handwriting is the same but the spelling changes between
German and French. It also contains spelling errors. Interestingly the
handwriting from the final registration card (19th to 23rd
Nov) appears to be written more hurriedly. The handwriting is later interpreted
as in the French taught style.
This episode then explains that the IW’s jaw was preserved
and had a number of gold teeth. This was expensive dental work and was not
considered Scandinavian, more likely German. The teeth suggested that the IW
was over 25 years old, probably in her 30s.
The accounts from staff at the IW’s last hotel in Bergen
were explained. She had breakfast in the hotel, she smoked cigarettes and
smelled of strong perfume. She was described as strange. The housekeeper only
serviced the room occasionally and recalled that a chair from the room was
often placed outside the room. IW ordered a taxi when she checked out of the
hotel on 23rd November.
How was the Paris hotel identified?
This episode introduces a previously unseen ‘intelligence
file’ about the IW case. This was not an extensive document and there was
nothing particularly new or, of great significance. There was however a
reference to an interview with a trawler fisherman named Berthon ROTT on 22nd
ROTT claimed that he recognised the IW from the publicity
and the artist’s impression of her. He claimed that he saw her on one occasion
(presumably Nov 1970) speaking to a Norwegian Naval Officer. This had been at a
location near Stavanger during some military testing of The Penguin anti-ship
missile system. The intelligence file only referred to ROTT’s account rather
than the actual statement (which is not available in the investigation file
either). ROTT has since died, but the Podcast team traced his son. His son was
aware of his father’s claims and understood that he saw the IW woman walk
passed him while he repaired his trawler net. ROTT’s son stated that they
visited London that Christmas (as a family) and his father was taken to one
side and spoken to by officials at the port. His father claimed that they had
issued him with a gun for his own protection.
Without seeing all the documentation relating to ROTT’s
interview, his account should be treated with extreme care. As a witness, he
does not appear to have had anything more than a brief glimpse of the woman.
This was also at least a month prior to him reporting the matter.
Identification cannot be reliable. In addition to this, the claim about being
provided a gun is fanciful in the extreme.
What enquiries were
made with the Naval staff?
Did ROTT speak to the media and risk undermining the investigation? Was he warned about this by investigators?
This episode then introduces that a DNA profile of IW has
been obtained from the teeth. So far the profile has only been submitted via
Interpol to the crime scene and wanted suspect databases.
This episode contains an interview with an elderly Norwegian
Intelligence Officer asking him about the theory of IW being a spy. His views
revealed nothing remarkable and in some areas he lacked knowledge. He did
however, rightly state that using eight false names suggested the person was
not a spy, even more so that none of the purported identities would withstand
The episode then continued with scientific work using the DNA and IW’s teeth. Mitochondrial DNA H24 revealed that IW was of European descent (maternally). Isotopes from the teeth showed that as a child IW originated from southern Germany but as a teenager was living in the French/German border areas that includes Belgium.
This episode details the three occasions when witnesses
describe IW being in the company of another person. All these were men and
occurred during her final five day stay in Bergen.
No 1. A grey haired man was sat with IW for dinner at the
hotel. IW looked serious and sad. They had little conversation. They spoke in
German and the man spent was reading something.
No 2. A woman believed to be IW (but wearing a curly wig)
was with a man (with dark complexion) in a home furnishing shop looking at a
wall mirror. They spoke in an unrecognised language.
No 3. A man (blond hair 25-30 yrs) was with IW in her room
at the first hotel in Bergen (18th Nov). They remained silent when
the cleaner was in the room.
The episode also details that a table in her room was moved
and placed it upside down behind the door.
This episode deals with the carbon dating of IW’s teeth,
using the Carbon 14 method and amino acid testing. IW is assessed as possibly
up to 45 years old.
The original police investigation was closed after three
weeks (Christmas 1970) and the press conference concluded that she had taken
her own life. Despite the speculation that she may have been a spy, there was
no evidence or this.
A handwriting expert explained that IW’s handwriting
indicated a French style of teaching.
This episode focussed on the indication that IW’s early
childhood was in the Nuremburg area of SE Germany. The presenter travelled to
the area and explained that this would have been during the rise to power of
Hitler and Nazism. It speculated that
she could be Jewish and one of those that fled Nuremburg on the Kinder
Transport. It also described how some local children were also fostered in a
large facility in SW Germany.
The episode also described a spoon that was recovered from
IW’s suitcase. The spoon had an engraving on the rear, and was possibly a
cherished item. This needed more investigation. In Episode 10 this
investigation revealed that the spoon was in fact a mass produced item,
manufactured by a company in Vienna, Austria.
In this episode, the son of the original Senior
Investigating Officer (now deceased) was interviewed. He revealed that his
father was not happy that the case was closed so early.
There was also an interview with a Professor Dorrell, and
lecturer in surveillance methods. He dismissed the likelihood of IW being a
Mossad Israeli agent as pure speculation. He did however state that
Intelligence Agents can be prone to depression due to their role and lifestyle.
The episode revealed that IW was not pregnant at the time of
her death, nor had she previously given birth to a child.
It revealed that checks had been made with Belgian
authorities and all missing persons at the time were discounted.
What do we know now about the IW?
She was born around 1930.
Early childhood in Nuremburg area of southern Germany.
Later childhood in the area of the French – German border
She wrote in a French style suggesting that she went to a
French speaking school.
Nothing is known about her adulthood, other than she had
never given birth to a child.
She had a gap between her top teeth and spoke with a lisp.
In 1970 (at the age of around 40), she travelled around
Europe using a random series of false names, birth-dates, addresses and
occupations. She purported to be 10-15 years younger than she actually was.
She visits Norway and Bergen twice, apparently travelling
She consistently claimed to be a Belgian national.
She spoke English with a foreign accent.
She appeared serious and sad. She revealed nothing about
herself in conversation.
She removes labels from her clothing.
She recorded her travel and unexplained events in a notepad using some kind of code or shorthand.
She checked out of her hotel (23rd Nov) and her luggage
was stored at Bergen railway station.
Her badly burnt body was found on 29th Nov. Evidence
of accelerant and overdose of barbiturates.
The case was investigated thoroughly for 3 weeks then closed
with a conclusion of suicide.
Factors for Consideration.
IW almost certainly grew up during the rise of Nazi Germany and the war in Europe. Her childhood may well have been disrupted as a result. She may have even been raised by an adoptive family. She may have had an early personality disorder. She may have suffered abuse during her childhood.
Whilst her adulthood is unknown, she was physically in good health.
She was described as having broad hips and strong legs. This has prompted
speculation she could have been an athlete such as a skier.
There is no evidence that she held more than one passport,
although she did provide false details at hotels. The original inquiry does not
appear to have thoroughly investigated any immigration records, nor her likely
Whilst we do not know her lifestyle prior to 1970 (or the
periods between her travel in 1970), she had the means and character to visit
different countries. She did not appear to draw attention to herself. Had she
not died in these circumstances, her travel would have been unremarkable and unnoticed.
The incident described by the fisherman (ROTT) cannot be
The espionage theory is discredited.
We do not know why she chose to visit Norway (Stavanger and
Bergen). It is possible that Norway was
a good place to remain anonymous and to avoid scrutiny. It has its own unique language
and therefore she could use other languages to get by. It is possible that she
may have been revisiting the area (although she did not reveal this to anyone)
for nostalgic reasons. For instance, if the ‘skier’ speculation is correct, she
may have visited Norway in 1952 for the Winter Olympics, when she would have
been in her early 20s. She was in possession of tourist maps showing locations
where the height above sea level had been added to mountain railway stations.
The Isdalen Valley had a reputation locally for suicides. It
is a 1 hour walk from Bergen.
My Personal Theory.
Likely that she was suffering from a psycho-affective disorder that included paranoia and delusions.
Likely that she would have been treated for this condition at
some point in her life.
Probable that she was estranged from what family she had.
Probable that she was self supported and maybe living off an inheritance.
Probable that she was someone who does not form close relationships.
Probable that people (neighbours) regarded her as an
eccentric and a loner.
Probable that the trips she made in 1970 were a consequence
of her psychiatric illness.
Highly likely that IW deliberately took her own life whilst the
balance of mind was disturbed.
Likely her suicide was planned and had been for some time.
The remote location for the suicide and the destruction of anything to identify
her was calculated and deliberate.
Possible that she considered other locations at higher
Likely that the use of false names were a consequence of her
deluded belief that she was under surveillance or being followed.
Possible that using dates of birth that suggested she was
10-15 years younger may have been a consequence of her not recognising her
Possible that the men that she was in the company of (in
Bergen) were casual encounters. A woman travelling alone and with an outward
appearance of confidence, she would have attracted attention from local men.
These men may soon have realised that she was mentally unwell. Their personal
circumstances meant they would not come forward after news of her death.
Possible that the purchase of the rubber boots was part of her
planned suicide. That she used them to store/hide the documents that she
planned to destroy, as she made her way to the secluded location.
Thanks for taking the time to read my initial interpretation
of this case.
My next priority is to understand the Belgian nationality
issue in some detail.
Exactly what enquiries were made about this in 1970?
What was the process and type/s of Belgian passport issued
prior to November 1970?
Did they use a metal rivet to secure the photograph?
What data is still available for Belgian passports issued
prior to November 1970?
Any help with this would be appreciated.
Let’s hope that the mystery of the Isdalen Woman will be
Porchester Press is pleased to have been commissioned to publish a heritage booklet on behalf of a Nottingham campaign group.
The Bendigo Memorial Fund aims to educate the public on the
life and achievements of William Thompson (aka Bendigo), leading to erecting a new
statue to him in Trinity Square Nottingham. The project seeks to advance the
culture, heritage and social history of his legacy.
William ‘Bendigo’ Thompson was born in Nottingham in 1811, when
Nottingham was one of the most densely populated areas in the British Empire.
The slums were rife with pestilence and disease, and life expectancy was 22,
less than half the national average. One government official even labelled
Nottingham as the ‘Worst town in England’. The people of Bendigo’s childhood home
were said to ‘be the poorest of all Queen Victoria’s children’.
Despite being illiterate and poor, Bendigo’s physique and
agility as a prize-fighter brought him success. His outspoken character and
record in the ring attracted a massive fan base, including Sir Arthur Conan
Doyle, who wrote a verse to the fighter. He went on to become the undefeated
Champion of England and is credited with introducing the ‘southpaw’ boxing
stance. Bendigo was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in
You didn’t know of Bendigo? Well that knocks me out! Who’s your board schoolteacher? What’s he been about? Chock-a-block with fairy tales, full of useless cram, And never heard of Bendigo, The Pride of Nottingham!
Taken from Bendigo’s Sermon by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1909
The booklet’s title ‘Ten Bells For Bendigo’ is taken from
the tradition of the Ten-Bell Salute, given to honour a boxer or wrestler who has
died. It contains 28 pages of interesting facts, quotes and photographs.
Ten Bells For Bendigo is priced at £4.50 plus £1 postage. Proceeds from the sale of this booklet will go to the Bendigo Memorial Fund.
Jacques Morrell’s debut novel The Showman, centres around the travelling fairground community and a dark secret relating to Nottingham’s annual Goose Fair.
Goose Fair is one of Europe’s largest travelling fairs, with a history that dates back more than 700 years. It has modern rides like roller coasters, water rides, giant wheel, bombers, dodgems, twisters, waltzers, plus the traditional funfair attractions gallopers, stalls, side-shows and the famous cakewalk (as depicted on the cover of The Showman).
Goose Fair starts this week and for the month of October, we are offering copies of the book at half price. Order your copy for only £4.
I thought she was the most attractive and perfect girl I would ever meet. She appeared to be everything I could wish for, at first.
She was my sister’s close friend and I suppose I had my eye on her for a while. She was seeing a professional footballer who was injured at the time. I had put all thoughts of romance to the back of my mind and carried on with working as normal. Despite this she was around me a lot, coming to some of my first gigs in town, or visiting my sister at home. I loved it when she went up town with my sister, so I could give them a lift home and maybe drop her off. My sister would make me drop her off first so I never got to be with her in my car alone. I happened to bump into her one Saturday morning at Sneinton Market. I just said hello. She seemed surprised but a little sad. She told me that she’d split up with ‘Hop-Along’.
One sunny bank holiday weekend I was stuck indoors, twiddling my thumbs and listening to music. My sister was ironing, bleaching and hoovering as usual. She could literally do them all at the same time, like a fucking octopus with OCD. I was clearly in her way and she wanted me out of the house, so she could get on with hand washing every one of her multi-coloured Benetton jumpers. The phone rang and my sister broke off from her soapy world and answered it. It was Gilda.
I have named her Gilda after the famous 1946 film noir starring Joan Crawford, and the similarities to the predicament I found myself in. She rang to see if my sister was going out for the day. My sister was already domesticating herself, running taps, and covered in soap powder and Vim, so she suggested (without prompting from me) that I take Gilda out for the day instead. Since I was at a loose end so to speak, I was up those stairs faster than I could slip on my shoes. I had some brand new Bass Weejun loafers from Limeys clothes shop. They had cost me a week’s wages and I was waiting for the right moment to slip them on.
My marine blue Ford Fiesta Ghia (with additional front spotlights) had just been cleaned and on the stereo cassette was The Lexicon of Love by ABC. Once this finely produced 1989 concept album was playing, I was ready to drive up the Dale to her house with the wood stained front door. I was ready to splutter out reasons why I wasn’t already doing something else on such a beautiful bank holiday.
My haircut was straight out of Brideshead Revisited. I wore a white polo shirt (that my sister had quickly ironed) and a buckled smile, trying to conceal my overwhelming joy at being in the same car as Gilda. We awkwardly set off together, heading for Clumber Park, and then the car began overheating in the traffic queues near Sherwood Forest. She even felt so sorry for me that she got out to stop some oncoming traffic so I could make a U-turn out of the queue and relieve my clutch foot that was cramping in my new loafers. Then I made a wrong turn and ended up outside the automatic gates of Centre Parks in the middle of Sherwood Forest, for God’s sake. I think all of this goofiness (and a few decent jokes I’d thrown her way) made her giggle a bit. It held me in good stead for another date.
We drove back into town and I dropped her off at her house.